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Avrasya �al��malar� DergisiYl:2016 Say: 3 Alan: Tarih

Glnar KARA
RUS GENERAL A. N. KUROPATKNN STANBULDAK STHBARAT FAALYETLER
 
Karadenizi Akdenize balayan Trk Boazlarnn iktisad, asker ve siyas bakmdan her zaman byk nemi olmutur. Boazlara ve stanbula sahip olmak Rusyann balca arzularndan biri idi. 19. Yzylda Osmanl Devletinin zayflamaya balamasn frsat olarak gren Rusya, artk kararl admlar atma zamannn geldiini dnyordu. Bunun iin Karadenizde askeri bir donanma kurmu, baz tedbirler almtr. zellikle 1877-1878 Savandan (93 Harbi) sonra bu mesele Rusya hkmetinin gndeminden hibir zaman dmedi. Rus hkmeti, Boaz ve stanbula yaplacak saldrnn baarl olma ihtimali orann, ne kadar asker kuvvet gerekli olacan hesaplamak ve denizden kartma yapmak iin en uygun noktalar belirlemek iin belirli aralklarla ajanlar gnderiyordu. Onlardan biri General A. N. Kuropatkin, 1886da sahte isimle stanbula gelerek istihbarat toplamtr. Bu almada A. N. Kuropatkinin kendi anlarndan istifade etmek suretiyle onun stanbul Boaznda yapt keifler ve neticeleri sz konusu olacaktr.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Anahtar kelimeler: stanbul Boaz, A. N. Kuropatkin, Rus istihbarat, Trk istihkmlar.


INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES OF RUSSIAN GENERAL A. N. KUROPATKIN IN ISTANBUL
 
Connecting the Black Sea to the Mediterranean, the Turkish Straits have always been of great importance in terms of economy, military and politics. To own the Turkish Straits and stanbul was one of the primary desires of Russians. In the 19th century, Russia considered the weakening of Ottoman Empire as an opportunity and thought that it is now the time to take firm actions. To that end, they established a navy in the Black Sea and took some measures. Especially after the war of 1877-1878, this issue had never fell of the agenda of Russian government. The Russian government had sent spies at periodically in order to calculate the possible success rate of an attack against the Bosporus and stanbul and the extent of military force required for that and to determine the most suitable locations for assault. General A. N. Kuropatkin, one of these spies, visited stanbul in 1886 with a false name and gathered intelligence. This study will cover the explorations made by A.N. Kuropatkin in the Bosporus and their consequences based on his own memories.

Keywords: Keywords: Bosporus, A. N. Kuropatkin, Russian intelligence mission, Turkish military engineers.


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