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Avrasya �al��malar� DergisiYl:2018 Say: 8 Alan: Trk Dili

Hasan ALPAGU
Orta Aras Havzasnda ehirlemenin Tarm Alanlar zerinde Etkileri ve Blgesel Sorunlarn Ekonomiye Yansmalar
 
Nehirlerin getii blgeler tarih boyunca bata tarmsal alanlarn sulanmas, tamaclk, canllarn ime suyu ihtiyac ve yaam alanlarnn ina edilmesi iin gerekli altyapy saladnda yerleim alan olarak tercih edilmitir. Nehirler ayrca doaya grsel gzellik katt iin insanlarn yerleim alan olarak seilmesinde nemli roller stlenmitir. Aras Nehri bu zellii ile nemli bir yaam ve yerleim alan olmutur. Orta Aras Havzas Idr Ovas gibi verimli tarmsal alanlar, bata Aras nehri olmak zere nemli su kaynaklarn bnyesinde barndrmas, Ar Da gibi dier birok doa gzelliklerine sahip olmas sebebiyle blgesinde zel bir neme sahiptir. te yandan Asya ile Avrupa arasnda kilit bir corafik konumda olan Orta Aras Havzas tarih boyunca da pek Yolunun getii bir alan olarak n plana kmtr. Havza gnmzde stratejik nemini korumaktadr. Ancak bu alan son yllarda hzl bir i g almakta ve bunun sonucu olarak tarmsal alanlar imara almaktadr. Bu yaplama sonucu havzann tarm alanlar daralmakta ve tarmsal retim azalmaktadr. rnein Idr Ovasnda pamuk retimi tamimiyle son bulmu, kays ve elma bahesi alanlar daralmtr. Bylece Idr Ovasnda yetien balca meyve ve sebze miktarnda dler yaanmaktadr. Gerekte de i g ve ehirleme ile birlikte ekonomik tercihlerin deitii ve havzann tarm yerine yerleim yerine dntrme sreci yaad gzlenmektedir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: ehirleme, tarm, Aras havzas, evre dengesi, g, deiim


The Effects of Urbanization on Agricultural Land in the Middle Aras Basin and The Reflection of Regional Problems on Their Economies
 
The rivers basins have been chosen as habitation places due to their functions as meant of transportation, source of drinking water, irrigation etc. Rivers also are choosing as residential area due to their role and contribution to the visual beauty to the environment. Aras River also occupies such an important role for being choosing to living and residential areas with several natural features. The Middle Aras Basin have significant water resources including rivers, Igdir Plain, the Ararat Mount and many other beauties of nature as well as has productive agricultural areas. On the other hand, The Middle Aras River Basin is in a key geographical location between Asia and Europe and this strategic location known as an area historical Silk Road across. The strategic importance of basin remains significant for centuries as it today is. However, in recent years there is a rapid migration stream to this basin and agricultural areas as a result of this development is opened to new buildings in order to overcome housing requirements of new comers. The result of this construction, agricultural land is shrinking in basin and agricultural production is declining. For example, in Idr Plain cotton production has ended and the encyclical, apricot and apple orchard areas are narrowed. These declines are occurring in the amount of fruits and vegetables grown primarily in the Plains of Igdir. In fact, it is observed that the internal migration and urbanization along region change the economic preferences of people of region and where there is a tendency of converting the areas to settlement instead of agriculture in the basin.

Keywords: Urbanization, agriculture, Aras basin, environmental balance, migration, change


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